SBCT関係論文翻訳
1999年10月AUSAの昼食会にて時の米陸軍参謀長エリック=シンセキ大将は演説を行った。陸軍の変革・再編・革新の道程標となる出来事であった。
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NBC偵察型ストライカー装甲車の報道
出典 tacoma news tribune
URL http://www.thenewstribune.com/news/local/story/5676284p-5089660c.html
原題 Fort Lewis soldiers get some new wheels
日時 2006年4月20日
筆者 MICHAEL GILBERT; The News Tribune
発信地 不明
他掲載媒体 不明
内容
#画像注記訳
合州国陸軍
このストライカー装甲車の派生型の一つは、現在フォートルイスの兵らが試しているところだが、化学剤を捜索(scan)、分析(analyze)できる。
#画像注記訳終わり

概要
水曜に記者らに公開した内容を元とする。

陸軍は17両購入した。
FY2006にてさらに13両を購入
SBCT7個旅団に各3両配備するほか、9両は他部隊に配備される。
Fox偵察車両(ドイツ製6輪)の代替となる。

第2騎兵連隊(the 2nd Cavalry Regiment)
第555機動支援旅団( the 555th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade)
が最初に受領して2月以来訓練中。マニュアルはタコマの電話帳の厚さ。
訓練が完了したら、9月には第2騎兵連隊のNBC部隊は陸軍のユタ州にあるDugway Proving Groundへ試験を受ける。


NBC偵察型
1両210万ドル 4人乗り 車内与圧 後部ドアにポートがありそこから
特別シールの黒の厚いゴム手袋で土壌、水その他試料を採取する。

記事中の登場人物
Sgt. Channing Dingle(serveyor)
Bruce Baldwin(the U.S. Army Chemical School、ミズーリ州Fort Leonard Wood) フォートルイスでの訓練(sessions)を指揮。
Sgt. Troy Hayman(第2騎兵連隊でバグダッドで1年勤務経験あるsurveyor)

#以下は記事本文全文
Soldiers at Fort Lewis are learning to use the Army’s newest version of the Stryker armored vehicle, one that might be called on to protect troops from the nastiest of weapons.

The new Strykers are equipped with an array of sensors, collection tools and computers to detect and identify radiation and chemical and biological agents. Each vehicle’s crew of four soldiers, protected inside their pressurized truck, would go into potentially contaminated areas and warn others to stay clear.

The $2.1 million nuclear, biological and chemical reconnaissance vehicles are the ninth of 10 versions of the Stryker to be delivered by General Dynamics Land Systems.

The Stryker is the 21-ton medium-weight troop carrier first taken into combat less than three years ago. Two Fort Lewis infantry brigades have gone to war in them, with one of those brigades due to return to Iraq this summer.

The Army has bought 17 of the new NBC models, and there’s funding for another 13 in the 2006 defense budget – a total of three for each of the service’s seven Stryker brigades, with nine to be assigned to other units.

About 20 soldiers from the 2nd Cavalry Regiment and the 555th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade at Fort Lewis are the first to be trained to use them. The post is home to three Stryker brigades.

The soldiers have been training on the trucks since they arrived at Fort Lewis in February. Manuals for some sensors are as thick as Tacoma phone books.

Nonetheless, “it’s pretty easy to learn,” said Sgt. Channing Dingle, a surveyor who operates the vehicle’s sensors and collection equipment.

Periscope-like sensors on top scan the air for hazardous vapors and radiation. There’s a porthole in the rear door that allows surveyors like Dingle to reach out with a special sealed glove to collect and store soil, water and other samples.

“You can take samples from the inside without exposing yourself,” Dingle said. “It’s pretty neat.”

Soldiers are trained in some basic biology and chemistry and about the risks posed by different types of chemical and biological agents, said Bruce Baldwin from the U.S. Army Chemical School at Fort Leonard Wood, Mo., who is leading the Fort Lewis sessions.

But the “miniature laboratory” of computers onboard the Stryker do almost all of the analysis, he said.

“A lot of the systems are more user-friendly and take out some of the potential for user error,” agreed Sgt. Troy Hayman, another surveyor who spent a year with the 2nd Cavalry in Baghdad.

The NBC Strykers replace the Army’s Fox reconnaissance vehicle, a six-wheeled rig originally developed in Germany.

When the training is complete, the 2nd Cav’s NBC unit will head to the Army’s Dugway Proving Ground in Utah in September for testing.

Had they been available, the new vehicles wouldn’t necessarily have played a part in the fruitless hunt for chemical and biological weapons in Iraq.

Their primary role would be to go into an area where commanders had reason to suspect that such weapons had been used, Baldwin said.

Hayman said during his year in Iraq working as a chemical operations soldier, troops sometimes were called on to deal with toxic industrial material, some of it looted from work sites and other locations.

Other Fort Lewis soldiers from the Army’s first Stryker brigade – the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, which returns to Iraq this summer – were called out on at least one radiological hazard in northern Iraq in 2004. It turned out to be a truckload of lightning rods.

“There are radiological hazards other than just nuclear weapons,” Hayman said.

He demonstrated the glove-and-collection tool operation Wednesday for visiting reporters.

Did it give him pause to think that in combat, he might be called upon to thrust his left arm out of the armored cocoon of the Stryker, protected only by a thick black rubber glove?

“Every job in the Army has its risks,” Hayman said. “That’s ours.”

stryker models

The Army is buying about 2,400 Stryker armored vehicles, which come in 10 variants. Each of the nine versions delivered so far costs between $1.3 million and $2.1 million. They are:

Infantry carrier: Most common version. Hauls a squad of 11 infantrymen.

Reconnaissance vehicle: Offers long-range visual surveillance.

Mortar-carrier: Supports mobile teams that fire 60 mm, 81 mm and 120 mm mortars.

Fire support vehicle: Coordinates artillery and air support.

Engineer squad vehicle: Breaches obstacles.

Command variant: Has communications gear for company, battalion and brigade commanders.

Medical evacuation: Functions as a high-tech ambulance.

Anti-tank guided missile platform: Has anti-armor rockets.

Nuclear, biological and chemical reconnaissance: Senses and detects radiation, chemical and biological agents.

Mobile gun system: Yet to be delivered. Its mounted 105 mm cannon, at more than $4 million each, remain in development.

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